The most famous festival of Madurai takes place with the trip of Azhagar to Vaigai
5000 year old Thiru Maaliruncholai is on the foot of the Azhagar hills that extends 15 kms in width
As many as 6 Azhvaars have showered praise on the Lord at Thirumaaliruncholai, popularly known as Azhagar Koil with over a 100 beautiful Paasurams. This temple dates back to the times of Kalai Thunga Pandya and hence is said to be over 5000 years old.
In centuries gone by, the direction to this place was identified as being 150 kms South of Cauvery and about 150 kms East of Palani Hills.
Situated at the foot of the Azhagar hills, that runs almost 15 kms in width and over a 1000 feet in height, Azhagar Koil is about 20kms North of Madurai. Frequent buses ply between Madurai and Azhagar Koil. One can also take an auto to this temple from Madurai Railway Station. The road has been well laid out and one can reach Azhagar Koil in about 30-45 minutes.
Walk up the hill to have bath at Nupoora Gangai
A 4 km walk up the Azhagar hills (dense terrain) will take one to Silambaaru water falls (Nupoora Gangai), where one can have a bath in the sacred water. There is also a road route available now, up the hill. It is believed that drops of sacred water fell at this place when Brahmma was washing Lord Vishnu’s feet after his Trivikrama Avataar. And that these drops spread as River Nupoora Gangai. To this day, the sacred water from Silambaru is used for the daily poojas. Legend has it that one who has the sacred water at Azhagar Koil will be cleansed of all sins.
“Sutri Ninru Aaya Thalzhgal Idach, Surulpangi Nethirathaal Aninthu
Patri Ninru Aayar Kadaithalaiye, Paadavum Aadak Kanden, Anrippin
Matru Oruvarku Ennai PesaVotten, Maalirun Cholai Em Maayarku Allaal
Kotruvanuku Ival Aam Enru Ennikkoduminkal, Kodeeraagira Kozhambamey ”
Situated inside a huge fort
Malaiyath Thuvaja Pandya, one of the earliest of the Pandya kings led the construction/renovation of this temple. Following him, several Pandya Kings are said to have built the fort structure as well as maintained and renovated the Azhagar Koil. Chozha, Vijayanagara and Nayak rulers are also said to have contributed to this temple.
Krishnadeva Raaya, whose intent it was to build huge temple towers at Vaishnavaite temples, also started the construction of a big temple tower at Azhagar Koil. As with sevaral other temple towers, his defeat left this tower too unfinished. The temple tower is called Raya Gopuram or Mottai Gopuram (having remained unfinished).
It may be recalled that the Srirangam Ranganathaswamy Temple tower too was started by Krishnadeva Raya but could not be completed (Ahobila Mutt Jeer completed the construction in the mid 1980s www. prtraveller. blogspot. com /Srirangam/Lord Ranganatha)
10 day Chitra Festival - The most famed event in Madurai
Every year in the Tamil month of Chitirai, Azhagar is taken on his Garuda Vaahanam on a 20 km procession. He is said to go to the Vaigai in Madurai to provide Moksham to Mandaka MahaRishi. During this trip, he stops at different places along the way, with the Maduraites welcoming him into the city.
On the way to the Vaigai River, KallAzhagar makes an important stop at Thallaakulam Perumal koil to collect the garland sent by Andaal of Srivilliputhur. Only after wearing this, does Azhagar get into the Vaigai River. During the Aadi Thiruvadi Pooram festival, marking the birthday of Andaal, Lord Azhagar sends his attire to Srivilliputhur as a ‘return gesture’ to her.
In course of time, Thirumalai Naayakar, the then ruler of the Pandya Kingdom decided to combine this festival with the Meenakshi Amman festival to make it the biggest festival of Madurai. The belief is that KallAzhagar makes it to Madurai to witness the wedding of his sister Meenakshi(Amman). This is yet another case of the Unity between Saivites and Vaishnavites.
18 Steps at Azhagar Koil
Once there was an attempt to take away the idol of KallAzhagar. A priest at this temple put together a team and captured the 18 men who had come there to steal the idol. These 18 men were so lured by the beauty of Azhagar that they prayed to the Lord and requested that they stay here for ever. It is believed that each of these 18 men have taken a step each and now reside in the 18 steps of the temple at the main Eastern entrance.
Realising their mistake, they sought to act as security guards of the Lord and solve any issues relating to the people. Hence, KaruppannaSwamy almost acts as a court to solve all issues in this area and is said to provide a fair judgment for those who believe in him.
As a mark of this event, there is an image of ‘Karuppanna Swamy’ (the representative of these 18 men) at the main entrance. This main Eastern Entrance remains closed through the year except for 9 days in the Tamil month of Aadi and one can get inside the temple through the North East entrance. Every night, during the pooja time, the flowers adorned by the Lord is brought to Karuppana Swamy.
Andaal Weds Azhagar
Andaal and her father PeriAzhvaar are said to have come here from Srivilliputhur and legend has it that Lord Ranganatha of Srirangam appeared before Andaal as Azhagar and married her. Andaal who had promised to provide Azhagar with 100 pots of sweet morsel and butter could not do so as she merged with Lord Ranganatha. Much later, Ramanuja fulfilled her promise by providing the Lord with the morsel and butter. As a thanking gesture, Andaal is said to have called him ‘Annan’, as a result of which Ramanuja came to be called ‘Kovil Annan’.
“Naaru Narum Pozhil MaaliruncholaiNambikku
Naan Nooru Thadaavil Vennai Vaainernthu Paraavi Vaithen
Nooru Thadaa Nirainthu Akkaara Adisal Sonnen,
EruThiruvudaiyaan Inru Vanthu Ivai Kollungalo”
PeriAzhvaar who had come here was so impressed with Azhagar that he decided to remain here ever after and is said to have not returned to SriVilliputhur.
KoorathAzhvaar whose eyes had been taken away by a Chozha ruler is said to have undertaken penance for 12 years at this temple and the Lord is said to have been responsible for KoorathAzhvaar regaining his vision. Legend has it that Azhvaars’ Divya Prabhandham used to be heard all the time in ThiruMaalirunCholai.
Pandavas are said to have visited this place. There is a Pandava cave near the Azhagar Koil.
Deity : Kall Azhagar East Facing Standing Posture
Goddess : Sundaravalli Thaayar(Separate Sannidhi)
Mangalasaasanam : Thirumangai Azhvaar
Paasurams : BhoothathAzhvaar 3 (2227,2229,2235), PeyAzhvaar 1 (2342), NammAzhvaar 46 (2886-2918,3957-67), ThiruMangai Azhvaar 33
(1022,1114,1329,1573,1634,1760,1765,1818-37,1855,1969,2020,2034,2673,2674) PeriAzhvaar 34(71,258,338-59,453-62) and Andaal 11(534,587-96)
Temple timing : 6am –1230pm and 330pm-8pm
Priest : S. Paramaswamy Bhattar @0452 2530 559
Sundara Narayana Bhattar @94439 25151
Parthasarathy Bhattar @ 98940 29428
Contact Address : Azhagar Koil, Melur Taluk, Madurai Dist
Bus : Madurai Maatuthaavani/Junction- Azhagar Koi
One can take an auto from Junction, finish Thiru Mogur and Azhagar Koil and be dropped back at Junction – charges around Rs. 250/--300/-(about 50kms)
One can also reach Azhagar Koil from Thiru Mogur / Melur Road
Place to Stay : Best to stay in Madurai
(College House, Hotel Supreme, Madurai Residency, Madurai Junction Retiring Room, Hotel Empee)
Festivals : All round the year